Communities of practice
Modulation of dendritic cell function by Leishmania parasites
11 Jun 2008
Source: Journal of Immunology (see original article)
Citation: Soong L (2008). Modulation of dendritic cell function by Leishmania parasites. J Immunol;180(7):4355-60
The interactions between Leishmania parasites and dendritic cells (DCs) are complex and involve paradoxical functions that can stimulate or halt T cell responses, leading to the control of infection or progression of disease. The magnitude and profile of DC activation vary greatly, depending upon the Leishmania species/strains, developmental stages, DC subsets, serum opsonization, and exogenous DC stimuli involved in the study. In general, the uptake of Leishmania parasites alone can trigger relatively weak and transient DC activation; however, the intracellular parasites (amastigotes) are capable of down-modulating LPS/IFN-gamma-stimulated DC activation via multiple mechanisms. This review will highlight current data regarding the initial interaction of DC subsets with invading parasites, the alterations of DC signaling pathways and function by amastigotes, and the impact of DC functions on protective immunity and disease pathogenesis. Available information provides insight into the mechanisms by which DCs discriminate between the types of pathogens and regulate appropriate immune responses.
Note: This article is published in a journal which is not open access. To see the full article a subscription to the Journal of Immunology is therefore required. In some developing countries, readers who are based in institutions may be able to access it through the HINARI initiative.
Is your organisation working against the infectious diseases of poverty?